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Author Details :
Volume : 8, Issue : 3, Year : 2021
Article Page : 200-204
Objective: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is an emerging global health issue. Resistance occurs when bacteria, parasites, viruses or fungi are exposed to antimicrobials but not killed by them. The study was conducted to gather baseline information to assess the antimicrobial consumption practices across six departments in a tertiary care super speciality hospital of West Bengal.
Materials and Methods: Modified version of a patient data collection form proposed by Global PPS was developed on Epi Info software version 7 (CDC). Data of all patients in ward at 08.00 am data were studied. The use of antimicrobials was categorized as empiric, prophylactic or lab based. This classification is not mentioned in the files, so a response from the doctor taking care of the patient was noted.
Results: A total of 85 patient related data was collected in the designated survey form. Total beds covered was 340 and the number of patients on antimicrobials was found to be low at 21.27 %. The patients surveyed were predominantly female (78.8 %). The mean number of antimicrobials per patient was found to be 1.62 (range of 1.4 to 2.2) Relatively low number of patients were found to be on 2 or more antimicrobials. Double gram negative and Double anaerobic coverage of AM used varied across departments covered.
Conclusion: Our point prevalence study was able to facilitate conducting of point prevalence survey in high patient volume tertiary care hospital with paper based medical record system and also depicted the baseline parameters of intervention for instituting future action and policy changes.
Keywords: Antimicrobial stewardship, Point prevalence, Antimicrobial resistance, Antibiotic use
How to cite : Chakraverty R, Samanta K, A point prevalence survey study (PPS) of antimicrobial consumption in a tertiary care super-speciality hospital of West Bengal. Indian J Pharm Pharmacol 2021;8(3):200-204
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